The President/Chief Executive, Dangote Industries Limited, Aliko Dangote, has disclosed plans to increase the human capacity at the Dangote Refinery by 17,000 new jobs in the coming months added to the current 40,000, to bring the total number of employees in the plant to 57,000.
According to Dangote, the 650,000 barrels-per-day (bpd) plant reputed as the world’s largest single refinery project located in Ibeju Lekki, Lagos, currently employs 29,000 Nigerians and 11,000 foreigners. This is a ratio of about three Nigerians to one expatriate, and is expected to boost local content development and technology transfer.
Already, the Dangote Group has about 30,000 workers in its employ, and reputed as the second highest employer after the Federal Government in a country, where the unemployment rate is as high as 33.3%, the second highest in the world, according to fourth quarter (Q4) Unemployment Report released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).
Dangote, who spoke during a recent interview on Arise TV, said the refinery project remains the biggest in Africa, and one of the biggest in the world, adding that many Nigerians were getting massive training as a way to build in-country capacity.
“When we started the project, we were supposed to bring a lot of foreign workers, but as we speak today, we have less than 11,000 expatriates. We have almost 29,000 Nigerian workers that are getting massive training. We are also creating a lot of capacity in the country, which will be of great help for future oil projects in Nigeria, most especially with the opening up of the oil industry through the new Petroleum Industry Act.
“It means that the country can boast of human capacity needed in the oil and gas sector. Most of these Nigerians can compete anywhere in the world in terms of electrical, welding, mechanical erection etc. We have actually created massive capacity,” he added.
Generating more decent jobs that provide a living wage, social protection and worker rights is the best way to promote the three components of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG No. 8): economic growth, social cohesion and environmental sustainability.
Employment and sustainable development goals
The United Nations (UN) has emphasised that sustainable development is only useful if it leads to the improved welfare of ordinary people. “Generating more decent jobs that provide a living wage, social protection and worker rights is the best way to promote the three components of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG No. 8): economic growth, social cohesion and environmental sustainability.”
Experts argue that increasing unemployment has led to inequality and poverty, which has precipitated the crisis and unstructured violence in Nigeria.
According to them, “Unemployment arises when supply of labour exceeds the demand. In Nigeria, there has been a great increase in population since the 1990’s and the increase is about 2.5% annually since 2000.”
The current population of Nigeria is 212,136,987 as of Monday, September 6, 2021, based on Worldometer’s elaboration of the latest UN data.
Dangote said construction of the Dangote Refinery is aimed to help the Federal Government tackle the lingering issue of petroleum products’ importation, which is costing the country a humongous amount in its import bills.
Latest data obtained from the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) showed that the country incurred N756.99billion in petrol subsidies in the first half (H1) January to July this year.
“It makes me feel terrible to see a country as big and resourceful as Nigeria with a high population, importing all its petroleum products. It is very painful. So, we decided it is time to tackle this challenge. We tried before in 2007, but we were not able to make it happen. So, we jettisoned the idea,” Dangote said.
He added, “What actually inspired me is when you look at what happened in a country like India where entrepreneurs went ahead and created about five million barrels-per-day oil refinery. This country does not have as much oil as Nigeria. Nigeria is here sitting on over 2.4 million barrels per day at a point and we do not refine the oil we produce. Here, we have a country of over 200 million people and we are importing 100 per cent of what we consume.
“It is not sustainable. If you go to some places in Nigeria, you will discover that there are petrol stations that are not working. This actually pushed me into saying that this is a big challenge, which needed to be addressed urgently. Because I’m a Nigerian and if there are issues to be sorted out, I should be one of those who will bring solutions to our national problems.”
Dangote described the refinery project as an investment that would transform the economies of countries in sub-Saharan Africa. “This refinery is going to help transform, not only the oil sector, it is going to assist to transform the entire economy of Nigeria and all the countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It is unfortunate that all sub-Saharan African countries are importing petroleum products and this is not what it is supposed to be.”
“It is not the government’s responsibility alone to address the challenge of petroleum products’ importation in Nigeria. No, we have to collaborate with the government to tackle these issues of petroleum importation. It will put millions of people directly and indirectly at work. The refinery is going to massively transform the economy. By this transformation, the government will have more money to take care of infrastructure, health, and education. So, it is a massive transformational project,” he added.
He also emphasised the need for Nigeria to shift attention from crude oil export and diversify the economy. “We should not as a country be comfortable with generating revenue from crude oil export alone because tomorrow, people may not need crude oil. If we don’t move from crude oil to something else, we will have issues as a country. This is one of the things that I took upon myself to help address in this country,” he said.